ស្វែងយល់ពីអត្ថន័យនៃ Beta, RTM, RC, OEM, RETAIL និង MSDN របស់កម្មវិធី


ក្នុងការប្រើប្រាស់កុំព្យូទ័រ មិនថាអ្នកឯកទេសខាងព័ត៌មានវិទ្យា ឬ អ្នកប្រើប្រាស់ធម្មតា គឺតែងតែធ្លាប់បានជួបប្រទះនូវពាក្យទាំងនេះ ដូចជា Beta, RTM, RC, OEM, Retail និង MSDN ។ (១) – អ្នកខ្លះក៍យល់បានច្បាស់  (២) – អ្នកខ្លះដឹងបានមួយផ្នែក  (៣) – អ្នកខ្លះដឹងក្នុងរូបភាពស្រពិចស្រពិល (៤) – អ្នកខ្លះមិនដឹងទាល់តែសោះ ហើយ (៥) – អ្នកខ្លះមិនខ្វល់តែម្តង នូវអត្ថន័យនៃពាក្យទាំងអស់នេះ ។ ហេតុដូចនេះ ក្នុងនាមជាអ្នកដែលចេះប្រើកុំព្យូទ័រ ប្រសិនបើដឹងពីអត្ថន័យរបស់ពាក្យទាំងនេះ ក៏ជាការល្អមួយផងដែរ ព្រោះថាវាក៏ជាចំណេះដឹងទូទៅមួយផ្នែកផងដែរដែលស្តីពីព័ត៌មានវិទ្យា ។

ជាពិសេសសម្រាប់

  • អ្អ្នកឯកទេសព័ត៌មានវិទ្យា  ៖ ស្វែងយល់ឱ្យបានច្បាស់ បង្កើនចំណេះ ចែករំលែកព័ត៌មានទៅកាន់មជ្ឍដ្ឋានទូទៅ ។
  • អ្នកដែលមិនមែនជាអ្នកឯកទេសព័ត៌មានវិទ្យា  ៖ កុំឱ្យអ្នកឯកទេសព័ត៌មានវិទ្យានិយាយបោកយើងបាន អាងតែយើងមិនមានជាអ្នកឯកទេស។

អត្ថបទនេះមិនត្រូវបានបកប្រែជាភាសាខ្មែរនោះទេ ព្រោះមិនចៀសវៀងការខ្វុះចន្លោះនៃអត្ថន័យរបស់ពាក្យបច្ចេកទេសនីមួយៗ ។

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Beta

A beta is software still under development that is made available to a select few to test, examine, and report problems they face. Beta testing allows developers to find problems they may have missed and fix them before the program is released.

Often there are two beta testing phases, open beta and closed beta. An open beta also known as a public beta refers to beta testing that is open to any user, who is known as a beta tester. Closed beta refers to beta testing that is only available to a select few individuals or company employees only. Many games in development will have an open beta for several months and allow anyone interested in the game to play and report problems.

RTM

Short for release to manufacturing, RTM is a term Microsoft and other computer companies use to describe the master disc that is used to make all other future discs. For example, when Microsoft is ready to release an operating system or other software program they RTM the disc and all future copies of the software are made from that disc.

RTM is an edition that is no longer in the development stage, but not released to customers yet.

RC

Short for release candidate, RC is a version of a software program that is still being tested, but is ready to be released. If no major issues are found in the release candidate then it is released to the public.
Abbreviation for remote connection, see the remote access definition for further information about this term.
Short for remote control, RC is anything that can be controlled wirelessly by a remote.

This edition comes right before the RTM. Different version of the RC are indicated by rc1, rc2 and so on.

OEM

Short for Original Equipment Manufacturer, OEM is a company that produces fully manufactured computers adding hardware, software, documentation and other components, making the computer a complete package. The company then sells the product under its own name and supports the computer to the best of its ability. Good examples of an OEM are Dell, Hewlett Packard, and Sony.

OEM is also a label often given to a software program or operating system that is included with new computer. Discs that are labeled as OEM should not be sold by themselves, and if you’re looking at buying a CD or DVD by itself and it’s marked as OEM, don’t, it’s likely a scam.

OEM is the edition which comes preinstalled on a computer. So when you buy a PC, the OS edition that you’ll get is this one. The OEM has the same capabilities as the Retail.

MSDN

Short for Microsoft Developer Network, MSDN is a section of Microsoft devoted to helping educate and inform developers about Microsoft products and how to develop for or with them.

The official MSDN site is found at: http://msdn.microsoft.com/

Retail

Retail: The final one, is the Retail. This edition is the same as the OEM, but it’s not preinstalled and sold separately in a box, usually at a higher price. You should buy it only if you have a computer that doesn’t have any OS installed, maybe because you’re building it yourself.

ប្រភពឯកសារ៖ http://www.computerhope.com និង http://wiredwide.com

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